Part one: The importance of social context is especially evident with interpersonal trauma.


“If you’re a woman in the United States, for instance, you’re four times more likely than a man to be stalked by an intimate partner,


and fourteen times more likely to experience an attempted rape.


These risks are elevated as a woman if you’re poor or a person of color.


If you’re transgender, you’re ten times more likely than a cis-gender man to experience sexual violence.



And if you’re born with a disability, the odds are 80% that you’ll experience sexual violence at least once in your life; 40% of disabled people experience more than 10 incidents of sexual abuse in their lifetimes.



Racism adds another dimension to trauma.



Native Americans are twice as likely as any other group to experience rape or sexual assault.



Black and Hispanic people have been found to have higher rates of trauma exposure than Whites, with factors such as racism contributing to this disparity.


Class and income also impact our exposure to trauma: in a 2014 report, the World Health Organization found that across the globe, “people from poorer economic backgrounds have higher rates of death from injury and non-fatal injuries than wealthier people.”


Researchers attributed this discrepancy to several factors, including the fact that low-income people are forced into taking unsafe work, have less access to emergency trauma care, and are less able to afford the costs of rehabilitation treatment and lost wages.“

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