The Body Keeps the Score: sense of time is absent

 

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“When people remember an ordinary event, they do not also relive the physical sensations, emotions, images, smells, or sounds associated with that event.
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In contrast, when people fully recall their traumas, they “have” the experience:
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They are engulfed by the sensory or emotional elements of the past.
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The brain scans of Stan and Ute Lawrence, the accident victims in chapter 4, show how this happens. When Stan was remembering his horrendous accident, two key areas in his brain went blank:
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the area that provides a sense of time and perspective, which makes it possible to know that “that was then, but I am safe now,”
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and another area that integrates the images, sounds, and sensations of trauma into a coherent story.
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When those parts of the brain are knocked out,
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you experience something not as an event with a beginning,
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a middle,
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and an end
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but in fragments of sensations,
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images,
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and emotions.
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